American Flags


Psychological ownership reflects a sense of possession of non-physical entities and has been applied to understanding intergroup conflict (Brylka, Mahonen, & Jasinskaja-Lahti, 2015), wherein negative outgroup attitudes of majority group members toward minority group members are a result of psychological ownership of one's national space.

​We have developed a valid and reliable scale of psychological ownership of country, applied this model to understand racism in the American South, and evaluated the role of psychological ownership in citizenship behaviors, such as voting, support for in-group symbols, and purchasing intentions. This work, in its entirety, can be downloaded here: